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Volume 7, 41-60, November 2003
ISSN 1438-7890
African Journal of Environmental Assessment and Management
Revue africaine de gestion et d’évaluation environnementales

Understanding Community-Based Wildlife Governance in Southern Africa:

A Case Study from Zambia


Samuel Mulenga Bwalya


Governance systems are under threat in many wildlife sanctuaries of the World today, and that centralized wildlife governance systems have not helped to arrest the irretrievable loses of biodiversity in Southern Africa. Community based wildlife management has been experimented in many settings as an alternative to bureaucratic governance of natural resources in Africa and around the World. This paper analyses Zambia’s experience with community-based wildlife management. We find no evidence of significant impact of community wildlife management on local behavior, community welfare and wildlife conservation in the blue lagoon game management area. We urge that measures that strengthen community wildlife governance systems, and public governance in general, will have a greater impact on community development and wildlife conservation in Southern Africa and Zambia in particular.

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